Introduction to Bihar
Hello welcome to all of you on our new blog ,in this blog we will provide and discuss with you on geographical view , climate, administration zones, soil types, river etc . In this article I will discuss all these important points related to Bihar which are important for competitive exams like SSC group D Bihar police BPSC BSSC etc.This post also coverd bihar special questions for verious examination for bihar.
Introduction of Bihar
At first I will discuss the geographycal borders of Bihar which are sharing to another state borders of India. Bihar is landlocked state it is located in the eastern region of India having border sharing with three Indian state and one country named Nepal. That is it means India is sharing its border with Nepal and three other country of India as namely Uttar Pradesh West Bangal and Jharkhand . Bihar is sharing its border with Nepal in North side of Bihar , West Bengal in the south side Uttar Pradesh in the west side of Bihar and Jharkhand is in the south side of Bihar
District sharing Bihar with Nepal
Kishanganj araria Supaul Madhubani Sitamarhi Champaran and West Champaran are sharing the borders with Nepal country in North region of Bihar.
District sharing with West Bengal
Kishanganj, Purnia and Katihar is sharing borders with West Bengal in West region of Bihar.
District sharing with Jharkhand
Katihar, Bhopal, Banka, Jamui, navada, Aurangabad, Rohtas and Gaya sharing border sharing districts with Jharkhand in south region of Bihar
Administrative divisions of Bihar
Tirhut: headquarter mujhaffarpur district sharing with these divisions are Muzaffarpur East Champaran West Champaran Sitamarhi Vaishali and shivhar.
Saran : headquarters chhapra district sharing with Saran divisions are Saran Siwan and Gopalganj.
Patna : headquarters is Patna district sharing with Patna divisions Patna Bhojpur bhabhua Rohtas baksar and Nalanda.
Magadh : headquarters are Gaya district sharing with Magadh divisions are Gaya Jehanabad arval Aurangabad and navada.
Bhagalpur : headquarters are Bhagalpur district sharing with Bhagalpur divisions Bhagalpur and Banka.
Purnia : headquarters Purnia district sharing with purnea divisions are Purnia Katihar araria and Kishanganj.
Kosi : headquarters are Saharsa district sharing with Kosi divisions are Saharsa Madhepura and Supaul.
Darbhanga : headquarters are Darbhanga district sharing with Darbhanga division are Darbhanga and Madhubani.
Climate in Bihar
In Bihar there are three climate season which are well defended first one is the hot weather season which are from last of March to mid-June, second one is the season of Southwest monsoon rains which are from mid June to October, the last one is the cold weather season which are from November to February. In Bihar the hottest month in Bihar is my with regularly temperature exceeding to 90 degree fahrenheit that is 32°c. The coolest month in the Bihar is January which temperature decreases to law edge 70 degree fahrenheit about 5-8°c. The rainfall in Bihar is normally varies from 40 inches (1000 mm) to more than 60 inches (1500 mm). All the rainfall in Bihar happens between June and October.
Some geographical area of Bihar
Sasaram this is district head quarter of Rohtas
Dehri there is a son Nagar in the east side and there is a bridge on Sone river named dehri on sone .
Dalmia Nagar this is the industrial area of Bihar. Buxar .
Ara, in this district the birth place of Kuwar Singh named Jagdishpur village.
Aurangabad ,there is a Surya temple.
Bodhgaya there is a Mahabodhi temple Mahatma Buddh earned their knowledge at these palace under the Mahabodhi tree.
Gaya, officer training academy (OTA) is here Gaya is the very hot hottest place in Bihar there is a hill named barabar hil.
Rajgir this is in Jamui district there is a very biggest station named jhajha station it is naxalide affected area .
Bihar Sharif it is the headquarter of Nalanda district there is a very famous university named Nalanda University which are invented by Kumar Gupta which are craced in 1198 by Khilji rajvansh from bakhtiyarpur .
Bhagalpur there is a famous university named vikramshila University which are invented by dharmpal ,there is a power corporation named National thermal Power corporation (NTPC). Katihar.
Kishanganj this is the East district of Bihar the Kishanganj district touches the border of West Bengal and Nepal in this district there is the most rainfall being here. In Kishanganj district the painting banni thanni painting are famous.
Samastipur there is a agriculture school named Rajendra agriculture school situated in Pusa.
Munger there is a yoga University and also there is a weapon industry.
Muzaffarpur the fruit lichi are famous here.
Sitamarhi there is birth place of Maa Sita.
East Champaran the headquarter is motihari and there is an Airport named raxoul airport.
West Champaran there is national park namily valmiki national park and another is udayapur national park.
Siwan, India’s first President was Dr. Rajendra prasad , whose birth place is Siwan .
Patna The capital of bihar is Patna, Shersah Suri named it Patna , It was founded by Udayin.
District of Bihar–
Bihar are Divided into 38 district for the purpose of administration these are Aurangabad, Begusarai, Bhagalpur, Banka, Bhojpur, bhabhua (Kaimur), Darbhanga, West Champaran, East Champaran, Arwal, Jamui Katihar, Khagaria, Kishanganj, Lakhisarai, Madhepura, Madhubani, Munger, Muzaffarpur, Nalanda, nawada, Patna, Purnia, Rohtas, Saharsa, Samastipur, Saran, Sheikhpura, seohar, Sitamarhi, Siwan, Supaul, Vaishali etc .
Some important question answers –
Green city of bihar – bhabua
Tomb of shersah suri – Sasaram
establishment of state (Bihar Day) – 22 march 1912
Capital of Bihar – Patna
Political sign of Bihar is bodhi tree,
political bird of bihar is goriya
Political animal of bihar is ox
Political tree of Bihar is Pipal
Political fish of Bihar is mangur
Political game of Bihad is Kabaddi
Political language of Bihar is Hindi
Political flower of Bihar is Marigold
Second political language is Urdu
Political dance is karma (करमा) , dhobiya ( धोबिया), kathghodva (करघोड़बा) jharani (झरनी), jhijhiya (झिझिया) etc.
Total area of Bihar is 94,163 square kilometre
Total distance between north to south is 345 km and total distance between East to West is 483 km
Climate of Bihar is
Average yearly rainfall is 112 CM
Very hottest place in Bihar is gaya
Very coolest place in Bihar is Gaya
Highly rainfall place or district in Bihar is Kishanganj
Very low rainfall place is Aurangabad
Total population of Bihar is 104099452 ( According to population census 2011)
Total Male population in bihar is 54278157
Total female population in Bihar is 49821295
Population density of Bihar is 1106 (per square kilometer)
Minimum populated district in Bihar is Sheikhpura
Maximum populated district in Bihar is Patna
Maximum increasing population rate district is Madhepura
Maximum literacy rate district in Bihar is rohtaar Rohtas 73%,
Minimum literacy rate district in Bihar is Purnia 51%,
District in Bihar for maximum per person income is Patna ,
District in Bihar for minimum per person income is shivhar,
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